Most of those are 12-second clip settings.
The ‘Event Recording’ & ‘Notifications’ settings are for 12-second cloud clips. The ‘Advanced Settings’ > ‘Local Storage’ is for your SD card. One exception to the general rule that the normal camera settings are only for the 12-second clips is the ‘Detection Settings’ item. There your ‘Detection Zone’ is valid for both 12-second clips and the SD card. I’ve seen people talk about the ‘Sensitivity’ setting both ways. I think support told someone once that is fixed to 50% for the SD card, but you can set it to whatever you feel comfortable with.
The camera will record to the SD card in the absence of a WiFi signal, so long as the WiFi signal was available when the camera booted.
The Event Recording > Schedule is for 12-second clips also. To stop the SD card from recording you would need to turn off the camera using the app or a shortcut (or a Plug). Or reboot it in the absence of WiFi where it couldn’t get authorization to start up.
Person Detection is for 12-second clips. Only generic motion sensing is available on the SD card.
So other than Detection Zone, your SD card settings are all in Advanced Settings > Local Storage.
Just FYI, there is also no cool down for the SD card. If it senses motion at 30 seconds into the minute it will show you the complete minute the motion was in. If it senses motion 30 seconds into the next minute, then you will have 2 full back-to-back minutes recorded. So as long as you have motion, you will have continuous recording.
Your issue may be your camera is too far from the action. As an example, I have a camera looking down from my second story clerestory windows, and me walking around my back yard doesn’t change enough pixels to get a 12-second clip when the 12-second clip sensitivity is set to 90%. So the bigger a person can be in the image the better chance you will record something.
Thus, you may need to move the camera closer to the action to get the SD card to record motion reliably.